Aristotle, who is known for his contributions to the physical and philosophical world, has a new twist on the ideal form of government. According to Aristotle, governments should reflect the body of the existing social system. Aristotle argues that there are three types of classes: the rich, the poor, and the middle class. The rich and the poor create very extreme social classes, and as Aristotle has written “of these two the one sort grow into violent and great criminals, the others into rogues and petty rascals”(Halsall, 2000, p.3). Due to reasoning’s like this one, Aristotle believes that it should the middle class that dictates the type of government that is implemented when a body of people are given that opportunity.
A large portion of democracies that exist, all contain large middle classes. Whenever a small middle class exists, it poses the threat of separation or distinction within the class itself. According to Aristotle, a small middle class has the possibility of subdividing itself into the poor and the rich, which would create extremes once again.
Based on the actions and trends of the people, certain forms of government were more suited for that particular social system. Aristotle never fully admits that democracy is good or bad, he simply labels “democracy as a deviant constitution”(Miller, 2011, p.9).
This introduces the most important question of it all, especially with what has been going on in the news, if ex-democratic countries can actually surpass the time test? Many countries, like Libya, have received aid in their fight against dictatorship, but the future of democracy is still not clear. If Aristotle is correct, certain communities cannot support forcefully implemented government bodies. These communities would simply resort to their old habits, which would destroy the implemented system.
In a way, Aristotle might be right in the end. Revolutions might be the indicator, that the social system has changed and along with it, the government needs to reflect that change. It has been 2000 years since Aristotle’s death, but yet no sign of the ideal system still exists. But who is to say what’s ideal, I guess only people can tell.